Certification in Customs Union
Customs Union – a form of trade and economic integration of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, which provides a single customs territory, within which the mutual trade shall not apply customs duties and restrictions of economic nature, with the exception of special protective, antidumping and countervailing measures. The member countries of the Customs Union apply a common customs tariff and similar regulatory measures in trade with third countries.The certificate of conformity with technical regulations of the Customs Union (CU TR certificate)
The certificate of conformity with technical regulations of the Customs Union (CU TR certificate) – is a document which confirms the compliance with safety requirements for products falling under the technical regulations of the Customs Union. Without issuing a certificate TR CU goods cannot be legitimately released within the territory of Customs Union.
The declaration of conformity with technical regulations of the Customs Union
The declaration is made in accordance with the requirements established in the technical regulations of the Customs Union. For each product group there are identified corresponding schemes of declaration of conformity.
The Customs Union similar as Russia has established its rules of issueing and registration of the declaration.
State registration of products in the Customs Union
Some technical regulations of the Customs Union (for example, baby products, cosmetics, food) is sublect to obligatory state registration which is exercised by Rospotrebnadzor. A certificate of registration is ussued after the prosedure of checking the products in various ways (including tests) by state experts.
The rules of state registration, as well as a set of documents required to obtain a certificate, are defined in the technical regulations of the Customs Union.
Certification in Russia
GOST R certification systemCertificate of conformity to GOST-R (RST certificate) is a document that confirms correspondence of given product to necessary requirements of safety and quality installed by the existing standards and rules. These are GOST, GOST-R, GOST-R MEK, etc. Certificate of conformity is also known as certificate of quality and certificate of safety. Sometimes it’s called a RosTest certificate or custom certificate.
The certificate of conformity to GOST-R is issued based on the lab test protocol of the products given by the accredited structures. Furthermore, when some product is to be examined for fire safety and sanitary epidemiologic norms, the permission of issue and sale of certificate of conformity to GOST-R is granted only after the issue of the sanitary epidemiologic conclusion (the hygienic certificate) and the fire certificate. If the obligatory certification is not needed, the voluntarily certificate or the exemption letter can be issued. There is one more special thing about getting the certificate of conformity: the test of production is not always required for the issues of those certificates. The certification schemes regulate this very moment.
National standardization body in Russia is Rosstandart, which is responsible for the development, adoption and implementation of national standards and technical regulations, as well as many other types of activity.
However a separate department which execute monitoring and athorisation of national and regional certification bodies and research centers – Rosakkreditatsiya – was established in 2011.
The GOST R certification is in some cases mandatory (under the legislation) and may be voluntary (initiated by the customer).
The list of products subject to mandatory certification is contained in the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation № 982, adopted on 1 December 2009.
The list is constantly being updated as new technical regulations are coming into force. Since the products covered by the action taken by technical regulations are automatically excluded from the list.
Another document certifying that the goods are legitimately certified, is the Declaration of conformity GOST R
A registered declaration of conformity is necessary for the products listed in the relevant section of the RF Government Decree of 01.12.2009, № 982 .
According to the Federal Law “On Technical Regulation”, the process of issueing of a declaration is made on the basis of the evidence of their own or third party involvement, which may be certification bodies and research laboratories. One way of getting a declaration is when the applicant itself forms evidentiary materials (technical documentation, the results of their own tests). Another possible way is when a third party is included, for example the applicant uses test center studies. Having formed the evidence, the applicant prepares a declaration itself. In the same way he (she) may adopt the declaration to the technical regulations.
The applicant declaration must be sent to an accredited body – Rosstandart or Federal Service for Accreditation (Rosakkreditatsiya), which will verify the authenticity of the information and put the declaration to the State register.
The validity of the declaration is determined by the manufacturer (seller). It depends on the place and conditions of production, the type of goods and the chosen scheme of conformity.
Declaration of conformity can only be mandatory, voluntary registration of declarations is not provided.
Fire Safety Certificate
A Fire Safety Certificate ensures that particular materials or structures conform to the fire safety standards of Russia. This certificate states that the goods comply with the requirements of Federal Law № 123 “Technical regulations of fire safety”. This certificate is valid only in Russia. The list of products subject to compulsory certification is established by Federal Law № 123.
If the products are not included in the “list of products subject to compulsory certification in the field of fire safety”, but the manufacturer on his own initiative wishes to confirm any fire-fighting properties, it can get voluntary certificate of fire safety.
Voluntary fire certificate (voluntary certificate of fire safety) is a document confirming the fire properties of those products, which the applicant (manufacturer or supplier) considers necessary to confirm. Voluntary fire certificate is not required, but its presence is a clear advantage. Voluntary fire certificate is an official confirmation of the conformity of the product with all applicable requirements of the legislation on fire safety and the guarantor of safety for consumers.
Rostechnadzor (Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service in Russia)
Rostechnadzor is a federal service of the Russian Federation, which oversees the safety of hazardous industrial facilities, nuclear energy, mineral resources, regulates the human impact on the environment.
Rostechnadzor executes the following tasks:
- - monitor safety of works related to subsoil use;
- - monitor industrial safety;
- - safe use of nuclear energy (with the exception of the design, construction, testing, operation and utilization of nuclear weapons and nuclear power plants for military purposes);
- - construction safety;
I also ensures safety of electric and thermal installations and networks (except for household installations and networks); safety of Hydraulic Structures (excluding shipping waterworks and hydraulic structures, powers for the supervision of which is transmitted to local authorities); safe production, storage and use of industrial explosives; public security, environmental protection as it relates to limit the negative effects of man-made;
It organizes and conducts the state ecological expertise at the federal level.
Basically the permits issued by Rostechnadzor were partially substituted by the procedure of compulsory quality compliance to the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union. But one should bear in mind that this documents only verify the quality correspondence of the goods to the statutory requirements of the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union.
The only document valid to acknowledge the quality of the goods according to the rules of the Rostechnadzor is an Industrial Safety Expert Conclusion recorded in the Register of the Rostechnadzor and Certificate of conformity to Industrial safety requirements in conformity with the laws of the Russian Federation. Another document the one may need is – Exemption Letter represents an official response of RosTechNadzor stating that there is no need to obtain such permit documents as, for example, Experts Conclusion on Industrial Safety or an Industrial Safety Certificate of Conformity for a particular technical device.
Certification in the European Union
The main requirement for the products produced in the European Union or supplied to the European Union from third countries is their complete safety and harmlessness for humans, animals, property and the environment.Basic security requirements for different types of products are covered by the relevant EU directives, European and international hermonized standards.
The procedure for conformity assessment (certification) of products provides for the implementation of a certain sequence of actions, on completion of which the producer receives the certificate and has the right to label products with the CE marking. The public statement by the manufacturer is called the Declaration of Conformity.
EU declaration of conformity can be obtained from the authorities only after the manufacturer will perform the following procedure:
1. Appointment of an authorized representative in the territory of EC.
Application for certification of products and all subsequent steps are carried out through a responsible person – anauthorized Representative in the EU, an individual or a legal person.
“ When a product is placed on the market the responsible person shall keep a product information file or it.”
The main function of the Representative is communication with officials and regulatory authorities of the importing country in Europe in case these authorities posing any questions about the security and safety of products placed on the EU market as well as their compliance with the requirements of product standards.
In the event a consumer meets any abnormal situation in using of the product, or if he (she) has any doubts about the legitimacy of the appearance of the product on the EU market, European authorities should be able to contact the Representative to check the documents of the Technical File, including test reports on product.
In accordance with the requirements of EU Directives the Technical File must be stored at least for 10 years after the last date of manufacture of the product. If necessary, at the request of any national regulatory authorities in EU the technical documents of the file should be immediately submitted to the latter by the authorized representative of the manufacturer in EU, which operates on the basis of power of attorney.
2. Preparation of a preliminary information package by the manufacturer.
Preliminary information must be submitted in English or translated into the national language of the country where the application is executed.
3. Audit of the preliminary information by the authorized agent in the EU country. Appointment of an independent expert.
4. Audit of the preliminary information by the independent expert. Decision on testing and on-site expertise, valuation of expertise.
5. Preparation of a package of evidence-based manufacturer documentation (Technical file) for the products.
6. Study of Technical File and expert evaluation of product compliance with EU Directives and standards.
7. Preparation of the test results (if necessary) and confirmation (or refutation) of the expert assessment.
8. Check out of the manufacturer (if necessary). Confirmation of the fact that the manufacturer created and operates the quality management system, that can provide a serial output in accordance with the technical documentation provided.
9. Preparation and issue of the Declaration of Conformity for the product manufacturer and the product labeling “CE”
Our company assesses the prospects of the markets of EU countries, provides information on analogues of products sold currently in EU market, on sales volumes, sales prices, price changes, and other information at the request of the manufacturer (exporter) .
This information will allow the manufacturer (exporter) to make a proper and reasonable decision to enter the EU markets.
Regulatory and technical support of projects
We offer manufacturer:
* preparation of information on the EU Directives, EU harmonized standards, IEC, ISO, and other regulations, which requirements may be extended to the products of the manufacturer;
* preparation of thematic reviews of the new EU standards, and changes made to the previously published standards of the EU;
* preparation of information on enacted and the newly introduced regulatory legal acts, documents on technical regulation and standardization, information and reference materials, etc. acting in the Customs Union of Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus. Provide copies of official documents;
* provision of official standards EN, ISO, IEC, EU Directives, EU regulations and other legal materials in English, in Russian and in languges of Baltic states.
Organization of works on certification and registration in the European Union of products not subject to the EU Directives for the purpose of export to the EU. For example, materials intended for contact with food, children’s items, kitchen appliences and some other products.
Testing of products for compliance with EU standards:
We are ready to provide the manufacturer with the following services:
* to conclude an agreement with the testing laboratory under the terms agreed with the manufacturer.
* to arrange customs clearance of imported product samples and deliver them to the testing laboratory.
* to provide control over the testing of samples in the laboratory, in the event of problems – to contact the manufacturer and take all measures to solve the problems.
* If necessary, carry out customs procedures for re-export of samples and deliver them to the manufacture.